The pencil skirt was created by French designer Christian Dior in the early 1950s after World War II as part of his "new look." Dior assumed that the post-war era wanted something new after years of nothing but struggle. His "new look" was reminiscent of the long skirts, tiny waist lines, and striking fabrics that his mother had worn in the 1900s. Also, this traditional style of clothing supported the idea of women leaving their wartime jobs to come home as housewives once their husbands returned from war. Post-war women were to be caring housewives who were capable of creating a happy home for their husbands and children. Dior's "new look" fit this idea perfectly.